The 5 Types of Drug Classification

Drugs in the United States are classified into categories called “schedules” based on the drug’s acceptable medical use and potential for physical dependence. Punishments for drug crime convictions can vary depending on the schedule of the drug involved. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) sets the list of controlled substances and people found in illegal possession of a drug included on that list will face drug charges.

Facing a drug crimes charge is a serious matter in the United States because many drug crimes are felonies and carry severe punishments. Seeking legal guidance from a drug crimes attorney can help protect your reputation and your legal rights. The higher the drug schedule, the more important it is to have effective legal representation.

Classifications of Drugs by the DEA

Schedule I: Schedule I drugs are those which currently have no accepted medical use. Drugs in this classification are considered the most harmful and pose a high risk for severe psychological or addictive problems. Some of the most common schedule I drugs include: heroin, LSD, ecstasy, methaqualone, and peyote. Marijuana is also considered a schedule I drug; however, it has its own set of rules that differs from other drugs in the same schedule. If convicted of a drug crime involving a schedule I drug, the punishment is likely to be more severe than crimes involving lower schedule drugs.

Schedule II: Schedule II drugs are classified as such because they are less harmful than schedule I drugs; however, they are still considered dangerous for their potentially severe psychological and addictive effects. Schedule II drugs include: cocaine, methamphetamine, methadone, Dilaudid, Demerol, OxyContin, fentanyl, Dexedrine, Adderall, and Ritalin. Illegal possession of these drugs could result in unwanted punishments such as incarceration time and hefty fines.

Schedule III: Schedule III drugs are those with a moderate to low potential for addiction and are less harmful than schedule I and II drugs. Schedule III drugs include: Vicodin, Tylenon with codeine, ketamine, anabolic steroids, and testosterone. Those found in illegal possession of these drugs could be convicted of a drug crime.

Schedule IV and V: The lowest categories of drugs are schedule IV and V drugs. These drugs are the least harmful and have a decreased risk of physical dependence. However, people caught in illegal possession of these drugs could still face consequences. Some of the most common schedule IV and V drugs include: Xanax, Soma, Darvon, Valium, Ativan, Talwin, Ambien, Lomotil, Motofen, Lyrica, and Parepectolin.

Talk with a Drug Crimes Lawyer

Punishments for drug crimes vary depending on the drug’s schedule, the number of prior offenses, and the type of crime. However, anyone convicted of a crime involving any drug listed on the controlled substances list by the DEA could face unwanted consequences. If you are facing a drug charge, it is important to have a legal professional who can help protect your rights. Call Alexander & Associates at (972) 420-6560 to speak with an experienced drug crimes lawyer today.