What is the difference between an open and closed adoption?

An open adoption is an adoption where the birth parent or parents are involved in their child’s life with their adoptive parents to whatever extent both parties agree is appropriate. Closed adoptions, on the other hand, are adoptions where the birth parents have no further contact with their child after the adoption process has been finalized. Open adoptions are more commonly arranged in cases where the child has not been born yet. However, there are also cases where an older child who already has attachment with a birth parent must be placed into an adoptive situation. In this case, the child may benefit equally from an open adoption agreement.